Chariot : 1400 BCE : Egypt

Inventions Search Results

Years : 2,000 BCE to 1,000 BCE

31 Items listed

Generated : 1st April 2023

[3000 BCE to 2000 BCE][1000 BCE to 1 BCE]

2000 BCE Glass ToolsAfrica Njoro River in East Africa
from black volcanic glass
2000 BCE Medical PrescriptionsSumeria recorded on stone tablets
2000 BCE ObeliskEgypt in Heliopolis (near modern Cairo)
2000 BCE Paved RoadsCrete by the Minoans
2000 BCE SanitationCrete by the Minoans
2000 BCE Underwater TunnelBabylonia under River Euphrates (modern day Iraq)
connecting king's palace with temple
2000 BCE Wooden LocksEgypt  
1850 BCE ContraceptivesEgypt  
1800 BCE CorsetCrete dated from a statue
1800 BCE DyesCrete permanent purple dye for cloth from a marine snail
1800 BCE Positional NotationBabylonia based on 60s
improved the writing of numbers
1800 BCE Use of IronHittite in modern Turkey
1750 BCE Formal MedicineBabylonia formalisation of its study and practice
1700 BCE The AlphabetPhoenicia in Ugarit (present day Syria)
simplified learning to write
1600 BCE ChocolateCentral America in modern Honduras
1600 BCE RubberCentral America from a tree sap - balls used in modern Mexico
1500 BCE Glazed PotteryChina waterproof containers
1500 BCE Kiln Fired BricksMesopotamia for stronger buildings
1500 BCE ShoesEgypt left and right feet different
1500 BCE The OarPhoenicia may have been used in China c2700BC
1500 BCE Water TapEgypt  
1400 BCE BrushEgypt using hogs hair, later horse hair
1400 BCE ChariotEgypt introduced by the invading Hyksos (nomadic Asians)
1400 BCE SteelHittite adding carbon to iron
1300 BCE Fertility TestsEgypt  
1200 BCE Metal SwordsEgypt  
1200 BCE Ships With KeelsPhoenicia  
1200 BCE Stellar NavigationPhoenicia using the pole star
1150 BCE Topographic MapsEgypt  
1000 BCE DictionaryChina re-invented by Samual Johnson (England, 1604)
1000 BCE KiteChina  

© 2023, KryssTal

[3000 BCE to 2000 BCE][1000 BCE to 1 BCE]

Key Moments

Iron began being used by the Hittites, who later invented steel, a harder alloy of iron. The Hittites are the first speakers of an Indo-European language known to history. Bronze arrived in Egypt around 1900 BCE while copper was used in the Niger region of West Africa around 1730 BCE. Bronze scythes were used in Europe in 1500 BCE; bronze swords and armour reached Europe around 1250 BCE.

Two other Indo-European speaking peoples make their appearance around 1600 BCE. The Greeks, reached the Mediterranean area from the north. The Sanskrit speaking Ayrians invaded the the Indus Valley, destroying the existing civilisation; they would become the ancestors of the north Indians. Around 1000 BCE, another Indo-European people, the Tocharians, reached western China; they are unknown apart from a few written tablets.

The invention of the alphabet allowed writing to become accessible to all. Far fewer symbols were required to express complex ideas. It could also be easilly adapted to other languages.

The original consonant-only alphabet of the Semitic-speaking Phoenicians spread West to Cyprus where vowels were added to adapt it to the Greek language. The Greek alphabet was adapted by the Etruscans and finally ended up in the Roman Empire as the Latin alphabet, used by many languages in the modern era (including on this web page).

The alphabet also spread East to give the modern Arabic and Hebrew alphabets as well as the many scripts of India and East Asia. Apart from China, all writing now uses alphabetic based writing.

The Babylonians developed positional notation based on the number 60 for writing numbers. This is the origin of 60 seconds in a minute (both for time and angles), 60 minutes in an hour, and 360 degrees in a complete turn. They also worked out the concept of squares and square roots. Hammurabi, king of Babylon, was born 1792 BCE. He set up one of earliest law codes. His 282 laws included "an eye for an eye" and "let the buyer beware".

The Hindu calendar dates from c1000 BCE.

Civilisation arrived in Palestine c1800 BCE. The Canaanites founded Urusalim (the modern Jerusalem) around 1400 BCE. Judaism began around 1200 BCE. The nomadic Hebrews defeated the Canaanites 1125 BCE. According to the Jewish and Christian Bible, the prophet Moses was active around 1250 BCE while David ruled a large Jewish empire around 1000 BCE. Most historians consider both characters to be mythical.

Ahmose was an Egyptian scribe who compiled a book on Egyptian mathematics around 1650 BCE. Around 1490 BCE Egypt had a female Pharoah: Hatshepsut. The Egyptian boy king, Tutankhamun (19) died in 1325 BCE and was buried at Thebes; it would remain undisturbed for over 3200 years. Ramases II built the great temple at Abu Simbel in 1270 BCE. After being hidden by sand, it was re-descovered in 1813. In 1964 the whole structure was moved to save it from flooding caused by the Aswan High Dam. During his reign, the world's oldest peace treaty was signed with the Hittites.

Stonehenge was completed in England c1500 BCE.

Kabul was founded (in modern Afghanistan) around 2000 BCE. Athens was founded in 1235 BCE. Troy (in modern Turkey) fell in 1184 BCE. Bishkek (modern Kyrgyzstan) dates from 1000 BCE.

Civilisation began in Central America with the Olmecs (Mexico, Guatemala in 1250 BCE) and in South America with the Chavin culture (Peru, 1200 BCE) and the Paracas (also in Peru, 1100 BCE). Irrigation canals were being used in North America (modern Arizona) c1000 BCE.

In 1645 BCE the Mediterranean island of Thera exploded destroying the Minoan civilisation on Crete. This was the origin of the legend of Atlantis.

Books From and

KryssTal Related Pages

From the invention of pictographs, through the alphabet and to all the world's modern scripts and writing systems. Also displays samples of many of the world's writing systems, old and modern.

These are ancient words found in English from the Egyptian language of Pharoaic Egypt.

Some words found in English from the language of the Phoenicians.

The most widely studied family of languages and the family with the largest number of speakers. Languages include English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian, Russian, German, Hindi, Bengali; and the classical languages of Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, and Persian.

Biographies of Hammurabi, Ahmose, Hatshepsut and Tutankhamun.

[3000 BCE to 2000 BCE][1000 BCE to 1 BCE]