Telescope : 1608 : Netherlands

Inventions Search Results

Years : 1500 to 1700

46 Items listed

Generated : 16th December 2017


When
Invention
Place
Notes
1500 Nippled Baby BottleEurope  
1500 Sheep SheersItaly
Belgium
 
1500 WatchGermany by Peter Henlein
1513 EtchingSwitzerland by Urs Graf
1514 Plus and Minus Signs (Maths)Europe used by merchants to mark sacks of goods
+ (surplus); - (less)
1518 Fire EngineGermany in Augsberg
1520 Wheel LockGermany to allow internal ignition of fire arms
1540 PistolItaly by Caminelleo Vitelli of Pistoria
1557 Equals Sign (Maths)Europe the = sign
1564 Lead PensilEngland the lead is graphite
1565 MusketEurope hand held and could pearce armour
1569 Mercator ProjectionNetherlands represents a globe as a map
by Gerard Mercator
1570 Sulphur Tipped MatchesEngland  
1579 Glass EyesEurope  
1589 Knitting MachineEngland by William Lee
1590 MicroscopeDenmark by Zacharias Jansen
1592 ThermometerItaly by Galileo
1597 Flushing ToiletEngland by John Harington
1600 The ViceEurope  
1604 Mine RailwayEngland by Huntingdon Beaumont
1608 TelescopeNetherlands by Hans Lippershey
1609 NewspaperGermany from Strasbourg (The Relation)
1620 SubmarineEngland the James I demonstrated in the River Thames
1621 Slide RuleEngland by William Oughtred
1631 Multiplication SignEurope × for times
1635 Coal Burning OvenEngland by John Sibthorpe
1639 MicrometerEngland for measuring small angles in a telescope
by William Gascoigne
1643 BarometerItaly by Torricelli
1647 BayonetFrance pike attached to gun by French army
1650 Air PumpGermany by Otto von Guericke
1657 Pendulum ClockNetherlands by Christian Huygens
1659 SyringeEngland by Christopher Wren
1660 Cheque BookEngland by a London bank
cheques used in Arabia c8th century
1662 City Bus ServiceFrance in Paris by Blaise Pascal but short lived
1665 CalculusEngland
Germany
the mathematics of change
by I Newton and G Leibnitz
1666 Cheddar CheeseEngland in Cheddar Gorge
1670 Alcohol (Champagne)France by Dom Pérignon
1670 Minute Hand for ClockEngland by William Clement
1674 Lead CrystalEngland by George Ravenscroft
1674 Spring WatchNetherlands by Christian Huygens
1675 Weight Driven Pendulum ClockEngland by William Clement
1676 Universal JointEngland by Robert Hooke
1679 Pressure CookerFrance by Denis Papin
1680 Phosphorus MatchesEngland by Robert Boyle
1688 Plate GlassFrance  
1698 Steam Water PumpEngland used for mining by Thomas Savery

© 2017, KryssTal


Key Moments

Europe was dominant during this period.

People born during this period include:

By 1502, the Julian Calender, which had been in use since 45 BC, had got eleven days out of step with the seasons. A new calendar was created under Pope Grogory XIII (the Gregorian Calendar). To remove the extra days, it was decided that 4 October of that year was to be followed by 15 October. The Catholic countries adopted the calendar immediately; eventually all European countries adopted this calendar and it is now used by the whole world for business purposes.

In 1509, Portugal destroyed the Arab fleet at Diu (modern India) taking control of Arab trade routes in the Indian Ocean. In 1588, England defeated the Spanish armada, gaining control of the world's seas.

Various foods passed from Asia to Europe between 1512 and 1600, including nutmeg (from China), aubergine (also known as eggplant, from India) and ice cream. Coffee reached Europe after the Siege of Vienna by the Ottoman Empire in 1539. Tea arrived from China via the Arabs and Venetians around 1559.

Sweden was the first country in Europe to have paper money (in 1601). From 1610, Galileo's use of the telescope revolutionised astronomy. In 1687 Isaac Newton published "Principia", considered to be one of the greatest scientific books of all time, in which he gave gravity a mathematical footing. Between 1632 and 1648 the Taj Mahal was constructed in India by Moghul Emperor, Shah Jahan; this is considered by many to be the world's most beautiful building. The Parthenon (one of the most beautiful buildings from ancient Greece, built c450 BC) was left in ruins during a battle between the Ottoman Empire and Venice in 1687.

In 1681 the dodo, a flightless bird on the island of Mauritius, became extinct.

Nine chemical elements were known to the ancients: gold, silver, copper, tin, lead, mercury, iron, carbon and sulphur. A further four were discovered by alchemists during medieval times: arsenic, antimony, bismuth and zinc. In 1669, German chemist Hennig Brand became the first named person to discover a new element: Phosphorus.

The Spanish founded Havana, (modern Cuba) in 1515 and Buenos Aires, (modern Argentina) in 1546.

Rio de Janeiro, (modern Brazil), was founded in 1568 by the Portuguese.

The English founded Jamestown (in Virginia) in 1607 (the first English settlement in what was to become the USA) and Boston in 1635. The Dutch founded the city of New Amsterdam (later New York) in 1626 and Cape Town in 1652. The French founded Montreal in 1642. An English company founded Calcutta (India) in 1690.

In 1603 James VI of Scotland became James I of England resulting in two separate countries under a single monarch. Louis XIV (born 1638) reigned for a modern record of 72 years in France.

Green peas arrived in England in 1514. Sulphuric acid was prepared in Arabia in 1535.


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