The English Language

Borrowed Words From
Latin

170 Words Listed


Latin Language Notes

Latin is the extinct language of the Roman Empire. It is an Indo-European language.

In Latin, most words for jobs end in -ER or -OR ("arbiter", "creditor"). Words ending in -UM make their plurals with -A ("stadium", "stadia"); words ending in -A make the plurals with -AE ("formula", "formulae"); words ending in -US make their plurals with -I ("fungus", "fungi"); words ending in -IX or -EX make their plurals with -ES or -CES ("matrix", "matrices").

Thare are too many borrowed words from Latin to include all of them here. They can be grouped into several types:

Business and Commercial ("creditor", "agenda"), political ("agitator"), legal ("alibi"), mathematical ("apex"), signs of the Zodiac ("Scorpio", "Virgo"), place names ("Britain", "Germany"), names of months ("March", "September"), non-metric units of length ("mile", "inch"), biological ("species").

There are many other words.


WordMeaningNotes
advert   One of many business and commercial words from Latin.
agenda    
agitator   One of many political words from Latin.
album    
alias   One of several policing words from Latin
alibi elsewhere  
animal    
apex   One of many mathematical words from Latin.
aquarium    
Aquarius water bearer One of many Zodiac signs from Latin.
arbiter    
Aries ram Zodiac sign.
August   Named after Augustus Caesar. One of several months from Latin.
autumn    
axis    
Britain   Island off the European coast.
calendar proclamation Dates were proclaimed by the priests.
Cancer crab Zodiac sign.
Capricornus horned goat Zodiac sign.
captor    
cardinal    
circus    
creator    
creditor    
curator    
curriculum    
cursor    
Cyprus copper Island in Mediterranian. The root word is 'Cuprum'.
data   Plural of 'datum'.
December tenth month  
discus    
doctor    
educator    
equinox equal night  
February   From a Roman winter festival.
focus    
formula    
forum    
France   European country name of a tribe.
fungus    
Gemini twins Zodiac sign.
genius    
Germany   European country named after a tribe.
Greece   European country.
habitat   One of several biological words from Latin.
igneous    
ignoramus we do not know  
inch    
index    
inertia   One of several physics words from Latin.
inferior    
innuendo    
interior    
joke word play  
July   Month named after Julius Caesar.
June   Month named after Juno.
junior    
Jupiter from 'Zeu-Pater', Father Zeus Fifth planet. One of several planets from Latin.
Leo lion Zodiac sign.
liberator    
Libra balance Zodiac sign.
London   City in England.
March from Mars Third month.
Mars   Fourth planet.
matrix    
maximum    
May   Fifth month.
medium   The plural is 'media'.
memorandum   Often shortened to 'memo'.
Mercury   First planet. Also a liquid metal.
merit    
mile thousand (paces) Unit of length (= 1.609 km).
minimum    
miracle wonder  
momentum    
monitor    
moratorium delay  
motor    
nebula cloud Used for a cloud of interstellar gas.
nectar    
Neptune   Eighth planet.
nimbus rain A type of cloud.
November ninth month  
nubile take a husband  
nucleus    
obese    
occult hidden  
October eighth month  
omen    
onus burden  
orbit    
pantomime    
parent    
pastor    
peninsula    
penis tail Male sexual organ.
picture    
pirate    
Pisces fish Zodiac sign.
premium    
prohibit    
pronoun    
quadrant    
quarantine forty days  
quota    
rabid to be mad  
radius    
recipe receive  
referendum    
refrigerate cause to become cold  
reign    
relegate send into exile  
religion    
republic    
respect    
rostrum    
rota wheel  
rude rough  
Sagittarius archer Zodiac sign.
saliva    
salubrious health  
sandal    
sartorial patched  
satellite attendant  
scale ladder  
Scorpius scorpion Known as 'Scorpio' in astrology.
segment    
senior    
September seventh month  
series    
silence    
sinister left The left hand was considered evil.
Spain   The Roman name of the region.
species    
spectator    
spectrum    
stadium    
stet let it stand Printing instruction to ignore deletions.
stimulus    
street paved road  
study    
stupid    
suburb below the city  
superior    
table plank  
tacit silent  
tandem    
tavern    
terminus    
torpedo stiff  
transport carry across  
triangle    
trident three teeth  
ulterior    
uniform    
vacuum    
vagina sheath Female sexual organ.
valour worth The same root as 'value'.
vehicle    
ventriloquist belly speak  
Venus   Second planet.
versus towards  
veto I forbid  
via road  
victim    
victor    
villa    
violator    
Virgo virgin Zodiac sign.
virile from 'vir', man  

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