Fire : 1420000 BC : Africa

Inventions Search Results

Years : Before 10,000BC

14 Items listed

Generated : 15th July 2020

2,600,000 BC Use of Stone ToolsAfrica first used by Homo Habilis in East Africa
1,420,000 BC Use of FireAfrica first used by Homo Erectus
500,000 BC Cloth BuildingsAfrica tents
400,000 BC Cutting ToolsAfrica first used by Homo Sapiens
38,000 BC FishingAfrica using bones as hooks
30,000 BC Bow and ArrowAfrica for hunting and war
30,000 BC SpearAfrica for hunting
28,000 BC ArtEurope cave painting in Central Europe
25,000 BC Cooking PitsEurope holes outside houses for cooking
modern Ukraine
20,000 BC CountingAfrica counting stick from Congo (in 60s)
17,000 BC LampsEurope using animal fat fuel in Central Europe
12,000 BC Domestication of DogEurope
for hunting and protection
12,000 BC DrumAfrica first musical instrument
10,000 BC BoatsPacific dug out logs

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Key Moments

The first humans arose in the Great Rift Valley of Eastern Africa when Homo Habilis began to use tools. The use of tools is not unique to humans. Some primates and even birds are known to use tools. Tools allowed humans to extend what they could do. They were able to crack nuts using stones rather than teeth, clothe themselves with skins, and attack animals and other humans from afar and with more force.

Homo Erectus learnt to use fire.

No other animal is known to use or has used fire. The use of fire allows humans to harness energy to produce heat and light at night and in areas where the climate is less favourable. This allowed humans to colonise large areas of the world away from their native tropical Africa. Fire allowed food to be cooked which made more things edible and easier to digest.

Modern humans date from about 400,000 BC when Homo Sapiens began to use cutting tools. By around 250,000 BC humans were burying their dead. Human speech began around 200,000 BC. Personal ornaments were being used c40,000 BC.

Humans spread out overland from Africa to Europe and Asia. They developed their hunting techniques as well as gathering fruits, nuts and grubs. Other humanoids became extinct.

Around 30,000 BC, the ice age lowered the level of the sea. This allowed humans to cross land bridges to the Americas and to cross small amounts of sea to Australia. By 10,000 BC the sea levels had risen again and the three continents remained isolated from each other for 9000 years.

A key development was the domestication of the dog. This was the first animal to be domesticated, becoming dependent on humans for shelter, food and breeding. In return, it helped in hunting and gave warning of intruders and some protection.

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