Gnomon : 3000 BC : Egypt

Inventions Search Results

Years : 4,000 BC to 3,000 BC

33 Items listed

Generated : 15th July 2020

4000 BC Apple CultivationCentral Asia near Almaty, modern Kazakhstan
4000 BC ArithmaticMesopotamia by the Sumerians
4000 BC BridgesAfrica  
4000 BC Cosmetics, FragrancesEgypt  
4000 BC Domestication of HorseEurope modern Ukraine
4000 BC Ox Drawn PloughMesopotamia improved agriculture
3650 BC PopcornNorth America modern New Mexico
3500 BC Corn, Beans, Squash CultivationCentral America  
3500 BC Domestication of LlamaSouth America from Andes
3500 BC Domestication of TurkeyCentral America  
3500 BC Potato, Manioc CultivationSouth America from Andes, Amazon
3500 BC Sail Powered BoatsEgypt used for transport on the Nile
3500 BC The WheelSumeria in modern Iraq
3500 BC Water ClockSumeria in modern Iraq
3500 BC WoodworkingEgypt  
3300 BC Use of SealsSumeria cylinder seals used on clay
3300 BC WritingSumeria pictographs
3200 BC Earth and Stone DamsMiddle East in present day Jordan
3200 BC FootwearEurope deer hide, bear skin
3200 BC SilkChina  
3100 BC DrainageIndus Valley  
3000 BC Brick BuildingsEgypt
3000 BC ButtonIndus Valley re-invented in Germany, 1235
3000 BC CandlesEgypt
3000 BC Cotton CultivationSouth America
Central America
3000 BC GlassMiddle East in modern Syria, Lebanon
3000 BC Oil Palm, Yam CultivationAfrica in West Africa
3000 BC Potters WheelMesopotamia  
3000 BC Reed BoatsEgypt
3000 BC Standard WeightsEgypt  
3000 BC Sundial (Simple Gnomon)Egypt a gnomon is an vertical stick
3000 BC Use of BronzeMesopotamia used in armour
3000 BC Use of CocaSouth America leaves chewed as a narcotic

© 2020, KryssTal

Key Moments

The wheel is one of the most important of human inventions. For thousands of years its use was confined to Eurasia and Africa. It allowed large scale movement of goods and material.

The measurement of time became important. The first sundials were vertical sticks. The Egyptians used these to divide the day into 12 hours for the daytime and 12 hours for the night. Because of the seasonal variation in daylength throughout the year, the length of the hours was variable. The Babylonians standardised the length of the hour to 1/24th of thre length of the Solar Day.

The invention of writing was another key moment. Information could be passed around without the need for it to be memorised. Knowledge could be passed between generations and peoples. Sumeria developed the cuniform script around 3300 BC; China first used pictograms c3100 BC; Egypt was using hieroglyphic notation around 3000 BC.

Jade was being carved in China c3600 BC. Yoga was being practiced in India c3000 BC. Bitumin was used in the Middle East from surface deposits, c3000 BC.

The area known as the Sahara began turning into desert c3500 BC. The city of Memphis (near modern Cairo), capital of a united Egypt, was founded by Narmer around 3050 BC. Chur, the oldest European town still inhabited, was settled in (modern) Switzerland in 3000 BC. The town of Ohrid was settled in Macedonia c3000 BC.

The Jewish calendar has its start point in 3761 BC. The Mayan calendar dates from 3300 BC.

Around 3000 BC, there was an extensive use of copper in the Great Lakes region of North America. At the same time pottery was developed in the Americas.

Books From and

KryssTal Related Pages

The history of the development of writing.

These are more ancient words found in English from the Egyptian language of Pharoaic Egypt.

Some words found in English from the language of the Phoenicians.

From the language of ancient Crete.

Earliest king of a united Egypt (c 3050 BC).