Archery : 440 BC : Greece

Inventions Search Results

Years : 1,000 BC to 1 BC

58 Items listed

Generated : 15th July 2020

1000 BC DictionaryChina re-invented by Samual Johnson (England, 1604)
1000 BC KiteChina  
950 BC Peanut CultivationSouth America in modern Brazil and Peru
900 BC Use of CavalryMesopotamia by the Assyrians
750 BC False TeethEtruria in modern Italy
750 BC Iron Scissors and SawsEurope the Celtic Hallstatt people (modern day Austria)
750 BC Metal Locks and KeysRome  
700 BC AquaductMesopotamia
Middle East
Nineveh (Assyria)
Jerusalem (Judiah)
700 BC Archimedes ScrewMesopotamia used for irrigation
700 BC Galley WarshipsPhoenicia
multiple level oars
700 BC Musical NotationIndia  
700 BC Toga and TunicEtruria  
650 BC 3-D PaintingGreece on vases in Corinth
650 BC Legalised ProstitutionChina  
650 BC WindmillPersia to grind corn
640 BC CoinageLydia in modern Turkey
600 BC LighthouseMediterranean a bonfire on a tower
600 BC PoloPersia played on horseback
592 BC AnchorGreece metal with curved arms
550 BC ScrewGreece by Archytas
550 BC Water TunnelsGreece by Eupalinus of Megara on Samos Island
500 BC CrossbowChina  
500 BC First HighwaysPersia with inns for travellers along the way
500 BC PassportPersia to allow government officials to travel without hinderence
500 BC RailwayGreece 7km at Corinth for moving boats
440 BC ArcheryGreece in Crete
400 BC CatapultGreece
400 BC Ice CreamPersia  
400 BC MirrorPhoenicia from Sidon (modern Lebanon)
323 BC MuseumEgypt in Alexandria
312 BC ChronologyPersia by Seleucid Empire
years counted sequentially and not by ruler
300 BC Metal BitEurope by the Celts for controlling horses
300 BC Steam PowerEgypt used for toys by Hero
250 BC LeverGreece explained by Archimedes
250 BC PistonEgypt by Ctesibius
200 BC Horse Collar and HarnessChina  
200 BC HorseshoeRome  
180 BC BookGreece bound papyrus
150 BC Central HeatingRome under floor
150 BC Screw PressRome used for making wine and olive oil
100 BC Glass BlowingSyria hollow glass vessels
100 BC Hinged Boat RudderChina  
100 BC ParchmentPergamum in modern day Turkey
100 BC Public BathsRome  
82 BC Clockwork MechanismGreece used for astronomical calculations
80 BC GearGreece used in a bronze astronomical computer
60 BC Steam BathsEurope in the Douro Valley (modern Portugal)
60 BC Window PanesRome in Pompeii from blown glass
45 BC The CalendarRome by Sosigenes (the Julian Calendar)
40 BC First Coal MinesChina  
40 BC InsecticidesChina  
30 BC DomesRome  
30 BC Iron PadlockRome  
30 BC Road MapsRome  
30 BC Surgical InstrumentsIndia  
30 BC Thumb PrintChina used to determine identity
15 BC Fish FarmingMediterranean in Cyprus
10 BC Seed DrillChina re-invented by Jethro Tull (England, 1701)

© 2020, KryssTal

Key Moments

The centre of civilisation moved to the Mediteranean with the Phoenicians, Greeks, Etruscans and the Romans. Egypt was ruled by Greeks between 332 BC (when conquered by Alexander The Great) and 30 BC (when the Egyptian-Greek queen, Cleopatra, died). China continued to innovate.

Cultural events (Eurasia) of the period include:

Cities and settlements:

Religious and philosophical leaders:

Monarchs, rulers and emperors:

In the Greek world, many famous people were born during this period:

The Battle of Salamis took place in 480 BC; Greece beat Persia and went on to dominate the Mediterranean region. Greece came under Roman rule in 146 BC. A series of conflicts known to the Romans as the Punic Wars took place after 200 BC: Rome beat Carthage and went on to dominate the Mediterranean area. Palestine came under Roman rule in 63 BC. Rome invaded Celtic Britain in 55 BC.

Writers of the Roman world included:

In Central America, the Zapotecs thrived from 400 BC; the great pyramids at Teotihuacan were construced after 150 BC; the Mayan civilisations began c100 BC in Palenque.

In Africa speakers of Niger-Congo languages began migrations from the Cameroon region southwards. These languages now cover most of Africa south of the Saharan.

Iron reached Britain in 700 BC.

On 28 May 585 BC, Cyaxares of Media (modern Iran) and Alyattes of Lydia (modern Turkey) were about to start a battle when a total eclipse of the Sun occurred. The two nations were so frightened that they signed a peace treaty. Because eclipses can be predicted very accurately by astronomers, this remains the earliest historical event that can be dated to the exact day.

Books From and

KryssTal Related Pages

The major points in humans' understanding of the size and scale of the Universe and our place in it.

How calendars work. The different types. The link of time to astronomical observations.

The Etruscans, fore-runners of the Romans, have given the English language a number of words.

Some of the hundreds of Greek words now used in the English language.

Some of the hundreds of Latin words now used in the English language.

A few Punic words in English. Punic was the language of the Carthaginians.

A brief introduction to total eclipses of the sun. Occurrence of eclipses (how often and where seen). A listing of the next ten total eclipses of the Sun.

Biographies including Homer, Zarathustra, Cyrus The Great, Pythagoras and Darius I.